Abel


Abel
   (Heb. Hebhel), a breath, or vanity, the second son of Adam and Eve. He was put to death by his brother Cain (Gen. 4:1-16). Guided by the instruction of their father, the two brothers were trained in the duty of worshipping God. "And in process of time" (marg. "at the end of days", i.e., on the Sabbath) each of them offered up to God of the first-fruits of his labours. Cain, as a husbandman, offered the fruits of the field; Abel, as a shepherd, of the firstlings of his flock. "The Lord had respect unto Abel and his offering; but unto Cain and his offering he had not respect" (Gen. 4:3-5). On this account Cain was angry with his brother, and formed the design of putting him to death; a design which he at length found an opportunity of carrying into effect (Gen. 4:8, 9. Comp. 1 John 3:12). There are several references to Abel in the New Testament. Our Saviour speaks of him as "righteous" (Matt. 23:35). "The blood of sprinkling" is said to speak "better things than that of Abel" (Heb. 12:24); i.e., the blood of Jesus is the reality of which the blood of the offering made by Abel was only the type. The comparison here is between the sacrifice offered by Christ and that offered by Abel, and not between the blood of Christ calling for mercy and the blood of the murdered Abel calling for vengeance, as has sometimes been supposed. It is also said (Heb. 11:4) that "Abel offered unto God a more excellent sacrifice than Cain." This sacrifice was made "by faith;" this faith rested in God, not only as the Creator and the God of providence, but especially in God as the great Redeemer, whose sacrifice was typified by the sacrifices which, no doubt by the divine institution, were offered from the days of Adam downward. On account of that "faith" which looked forward to the great atoning sacrifice, Abel's offering was accepted of God. Cain's offering had no such reference, and therefore was rejected. Abel was the first martyr, as he was the first of our race to die.
   Abel (Heb. abhel), lamentation (1 Sam. 6:18), the name given to the great stone in Joshua's field whereon the ark was "set down." The Revised Version, however, following the Targum and the LXX., reads in the Hebrew text 'ebhen (= a stone), and accordingly translates "unto the great stone, whereon they set down the ark." This reading is to be preferred.
   Abel (Heb. abhel), a grassy place, a meadow. This word enters into the composition of the following words:

Easton's Bible Dictionary. . 1897.

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  • ABEL (N. H.) — À l’aube du XIXe siècle, le mathématicien norvégien N. H. Abel allait révolutionner sa science, et Hermite a pu déclarer: «Il a laissé aux mathématiciens de quoi s’occuper pendant cinq cents ans.» D’abord algébriste, il établit l’impossibilité de …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Abel — (hebräisch Hauch, Vergänglichkeit oder auch aus dem Akadischen aplu Sohn) steht für: eine biblische Figur, siehe Abel (Bibel) einen Vornamen, siehe Abel (Vorname) einen Familiennamen, siehe Abel (Familienname) einen Mondkrater, siehe Abel… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • ABEL — Selon le Livre de la Genèse, Abel, le berger, était le second fils d’Adam et d’Ève. Il fut tué par son aîné, Caïn, l’agriculteur, son sacrifice ayant été agréé par Dieu et celui de son frère refusé (IV, 1 9). Il semble qu’il ne faille plus… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • ABEL — es la abreviatura de Advanced Boolean Expression Language. Es un lenguaje de descripción de hardware y un conjunto de herramientas de diseño para programar dispositivos lógicos programables (PLDs). ABEL no debe ser confundido con el lenguaje de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • abel — abel·am; abel·ite; abel·mos·chus; abel·mosk; abel; abel·tree; abel·musk; …   English syllables

  • ABEL — (Heb. הֶבֶל), the second son of Adam and Eve, murdered by Cain, his older brother (Gen. 4:1–9). According to the biblical story, Abel was a shepherd and Cain worked the soil. Each brought an offering to the Lord from fruits of his labor. Abel s… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ABEL — es la abreviatura de Advanced Boolean Expression Language. Es un lenguaje de descripción de hardware y un conjunto de herramientas de diseño para programar dispositivos lógicos programables (PLDs). Contenido 1 Características 2 Ejemplo de código… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Abel — C est en Lorraine (57, 88) que le nom est le plus répandu, mais on le rencontre dans de nombreux autres départements (38, 07, 66, 67, 83 notamment). Il renvoie dans la plupart des régions au fils d Adam et Eve, victime de la jalousie de son frère …   Noms de famille

  • Abel [2] — Abel, 1) Karl Friedrich, der letzte Gambenvirtuos, geb. 1725, gest. 20. Juni 1787 in London, war 1748–58 Mitglied der Hofkapelle in Dresden, seit 1759 in London, wo er mit Joh. Christian Bach bis zu dessen Tode (1782) Abonnementkonzerte (die Bach …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Abel — m Biblical: name of the younger son of Adam and Eve, who was murdered out of jealousy by his brother Cain (Genesis 4: 1–8). The Hebrew form is Hevel, ostensibly representing the vocabulary word hevel breath, vapour, and so taken to imply vanity… …   First names dictionary

  • Abel — [ā′bəl] n. [L < Gr Abel < ? Heb hevel, lit., breath] 1. a masculine name 2. Bible the second son of Adam and Eve, killed by his brother Cain: Gen. 4 …   English World dictionary